Employment Law Topics
Employment law is a term that encompasses a collection of employment laws, both federal and at the state level. Employment law refers to laws governing employer / employee rights and privileges. Employment law covers issues such as discrimination, minimum wage, harassment and labor.
Employment law includes the Fair Labor Standards Act that outlines regulations as to minimum wages and overtime compensation. FLSA also protects children by limiting workable hours and placing age requirements for employment. FLSA also protects workers who file against employers under FLSA.
Employment law also includes ERISA, or the Employee Retirement Income Security Act. ERISA protects employees from mismanagement and improper coverage of any employee benefit plans offered by the employer.
In addition, employment law covers issues such as discrimination and harassment. Employment laws regarding discrimination ensure individuals are not discriminated against due to race, ethnicity, age, gender, sexual preference or religion. Laws protect individuals in the hiring process as well as provide protection regarding promotions and termination. Employment law also prohibits discrimination of pay based on race or gender.
Collective bargaining is another aspect protected under federal employment laws. Collective bargaining refers to a system where a group of employees bargains with an employer for agreeable wages and working conditions. Often, the employees are represented by a labor union. The law regulates and guides collective bargaining via the National Labor Relations Act. The act allows employees to join labor unions and requires employers negotiate with representatives of the union. While the government does not require agreements be met, it does outline rules for bargaining in good faith.
Another element of Employment law is workplace safety. Under OSHA, or the Occupational and Safety Health Act, a governmental advisory board was established to ensure the health and safety of workers in the workplace. Under OSHA, employers are responsible for maintaining health and safety regulations and are held accountable when requirements are not met.
Employment law also covers unemployment compensations. Through federal and state aid, workers are entitled to unemployment compensation when terminated from a job at no fault of their own. Unemployment compensation was designed to allow an individual ample time to find new employment without fear or worry of lost wages.
Employment law is a series of laws and acts that help protect the average worker from any wrongdoing handed down from an employer. With the support of employment laws, individuals are entitled to proper and fair employment as well as fair and acceptable treatment as employees. Even in unemployment, employment laws protect the average worker.